Instead of going into bankruptcy, everyone, including the States, was provided with the opportunity to use the new Federal Reserve Notes, called (incorrectly) “lawful money” grounded in perpetual debt of the “eligible paper” which formed the assets of the Federal Reserve and the National Banks, These are also known as “units of monetized debt”. paid down or already been paid back for anything since that infamous day of June 5, 1933 when Roosevelt willfully and knowingly stole Our gold and gave it to a bunch of foreign bankers. (Lawfully, debts can only be paid with money – money as defined by the Law of the Land – The Constitution – being gold and silver coin. Anything else is not lawful money and cannot therefore lawfully “pay a debt”.) Thus, overnight, We The People became liable for specific performance on the basis of a debt action of assumpsit under the personal Laws Supplier, operating outside of the Constitution and imposing an Equitable jurisdiction. A jurisdiction in which no one has any rights, where one can be compelled summarily to deliver his property without trial by Common Law jury. And the debts to the private bankers keep mounting ever higher.
Neither is also The guy getting motivated, legally, to just accept, or even give advised consent to take on, a fair jurisdiction international in order to their Bill off Rights.
During the beginning out-of government within the Constitution , Congress conferred with the federal district courts exclusive cognizance “of all of the civil factors that cause admiralty and you can coastal jurisdiction, . . . . . . ; saving so you’re able to suitors, in every circumstances, best from a common Rules remedy, where in actuality the Common law was capable to have;. . .” (step 1 STAT 77, Area nine (1789))
As this legislation is stored as private, the efficacy of regulations on the same subject have to necessarily be on the federal legislature rather than regarding condition legislatures.
Congress enacted the Limited Liability Act on March 3, 1851. It is codified at Title 46, United States Code, Sections 181-189, as amended in 1875, 1877, 1935, 1936 and the Act of 1884. It intended to cover the entire subject of limitations, and to invest the U. S. District Courts with exclusive original cognizance of all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, exclusive of the States. This means that the States do not have any jurisdiction in admiralty and maritime matters, at all.
Admiralty and maritime jurisdiction comprises two types of cases: (1) those involving acts committed on the high seas or other navigable waters, and (2) those involving agreements and you may transactions regarding shipment functioning toward seas or navigable oceans. In other words, the second type of case must have a direct connection with maritime commerce.
A freeborn, Sovereign Western personal can not be forced with the continuous debtorship and you may involuntary servitude, which is, feudalistic show with respect to, and also for the advantage of, any person, actual otherwise juristic, against his Thirteenth Post regarding Amendments for the Composition of one’s United states of america
Suits in admiralty traditionally took the form of a proceeding in rem against the vessel, and, with exceptions to be noted, such proceedings inside the rem are confined exclusively to federal admiralty courts, because the grant of exclusive jurisdiction to the federal courts by the Judiciary Act of 1789 has been interpreted as referring to the traditional admiralty action, the into the rem action, which had been unfamiliar to your Common law.
When you are Condition courts are permitted so you’re able to
State courts are forbidden by the Constitution to have Admiralty jurisdiction. manage and check out Admiralty cases if the suitor desires, it ought to be a keen Admiralty amount to start with and it must involve property, otherwise there would not be a Common Law remedy. In other words, the Common Law courts would not be competent to handle it. More than this, it would need to be tried in a Common Law court, following Common Law procedures (not Equity procedures) with a Trial by a Common Law jury.